Stumpwork is a raised embroidery technique used to create a three dimensional effect which became popular in the 1600’s.
For low relief designs, padding is used under embroidery stitches to emphasise a particular aspect.
Padding can also be used to create other shapes such as spheres. Layers of felt are laid down on top
of each other in decreasing sizes. These are then embroidered over with stitches to create the final piece.
Items can also be made which are completely free of the original design. This is particularly useful for three dimensional flower petals and insect wings.
The design is stitched onto fabric which can be later cut out or onto threads or wires which have been couched down to a base fabric and later released when the work is finished.
Each element is worked individually and then wired or stitched together to create the finished article.
This Irish lace flower was created using this technique.
A wide variety of stitch techniques can be used on any textile.
Maire Curtis offer a selection of embroidery and Irish Lace courses in the Cumbrian Lake District